Lumbar Disc Disease Classification
Variation of the lumbar disc disease classification model is as follows:
1. Disc protrusion:
a. Type I: Peripheral annular bulge
b. Type II: Localized annular bulge
2. Disc herniation:
a. Type I: Prolapsed intervertebral disc
b. Type II: Extruded intervertebral disc
c. Type III: Sequestered intervertebral disc
Categories of Low Back Pain
The following are five categories of low back pain:
1. Viscerogenic pain: Pain that originates from the kidneys, sacroiliac, pelvic lesions, and retroperitoneal tumors. This type of pain is neither aggravated by activity nor relieved by rest.
2. Neurogenic pain: Pain commonly caused by neurofibromas, cysts, and tumors of the nerve roots in the lumbar spine.
3. Vascular pain: Pain characterized by intermittent claudication from aneurysms and peripheral vascular disease.
4. Spondylogenic pain: Pain directly related to the pain originating from soft tissues of the spine and sacroiliac joint.
5. Psychogenic pain: Pain that is quite uncommon and ascribed to nonorganic causes.